Advances In Management

Indexed in SCOPUS, Chemical Abstracts Services, UGC, NAAS and Indian Citation Index etc.

Advances In Management

Vol. 11(1) March 2018

The Knowledge Level of Young Women for Traditional Medicine Therapy to reduce Dysmenorrhea in Kecamatan Babakan Cikao Kabupaten Purwakarta

Priyadi A., Nurhasanah S., Weking J.M. and Hidayatri F.

Dysmenorrhea is a menstrual disorder that often occurs in young women. One of treatment to reduce dysmenorrhea is herbal treatment, that is used as traditional medicine. Knowledge about the use of traditional medicines is important to achieve successful treatment of dysmenorrhea. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of knowledge of young women about the use of traditional medicine to reduce dysmenorrhea in Kecamatan Babakan Cikao kabupaten Purwakarta.

This research used descriptive and analytic survey method using questionnaires that were given to 154 respondents presented in tabular form. The parameters used in this research were dysmenorrhea knowledge, traditional medicine knowledge, knowledge of traditional medicine used and attitudes.

The results showed the level of dysmenorrhea knowledge was 78,22%, traditional medicines knowledge was 84,45% ,knowledge of traditional medicine used for dysmenorrhea was 77, 40% and for young women attitudes toward traditional medicine used was good with the result of 74,96%. The conclusions of this study was young women in the Kecamatan Babakan Cikao have a good level of knowledge about the use of traditional medicine to reduce dysmenorrhea, and the type of traditional medicine preparation that was widely used was packaged traditional medicine (95,45%).

Full Text

A Study of Recreational Participation Motivation, Serious Leisure and Recreational Specialization in Tennis Participants

Chih-Peng Tsai

The purpose of this study is to analyze the structural relationship between recreational participation motivation, serious leisure and recreational specialization. In this study, the participants of tennis recreational activity were investigated by non-random methods. A total of 280 valid questionnaires were obtained. After analysis of descriptive statistical and PLS, the results show that the higher is participative motivation of tennis participants, the more obvious are their serious leisure characteristics and higher is degree of recreational specialization, then the degree of recreational specialization is also higher for those with serious leisure characteristics.

Full Text

Measurement of Technical Efficiency of Indian Microfinance Institutions

Mor Surender

The present paper measured the technical efficiency of 55 MFIs of India using the stochastic production frontier approach which incorporates a model for technical inefficiency effects including administrative expenses, financial expenses, borrower per loan officer, female loan officers, cost per borrower and operating expenses pertaining to the year 2014-15. The study revealed that the mean technical efficiency of MFIs turned out to be 59 per cent which implicates that microfinance institutions can increase their output (gross loans) by 41 per cent without increasing the quantum of inputs. The findings further reflect wide variations in the individual technical efficiency scores of sampled microfinance firms which range from 16 per cent to 99 per cent across the sample. The role of female loan officers has been found insignificant despite the fact that large chunk of borrowers (97 per cent) are females in Indian microfinance sector.

The study recommends that the technical efficiency level of the Indian microfinance sector can be effectively enhanced by increasing the magnitude of assets, number of active borrowers and the number of borrowers per loan officer. The results emphasized that a prudent check on the personnel expenses, financial expenses, operating expenses and cost per borrower would be very handy in reducing the inefficiency of MFIs operating in India. The study endorses the policy of expanding the active clientele (both borrowers and depositors) besides, imposing checks on undesirable expenses for improving performance of microfinance sector of India.

Full Text

Indigenous People Cognitive Tourism Impact and Development Support Attitude -Case Study in the Taiwan Alishan Tribe

Chiu-Hui Hung

The purpose of this study is to analyze the indigenous people cognitive impact of tourism and their attitudes for development support in the tribe. In this study, four indigenous tribes (Dabang, Tefuye, Leye and Lijia,) located at the Taiwan Alishan were selected as the subjects. The random sample method was used to conduct the survey and a total of 442 effective questionnaires were collected.

After statistical analysis, the findings of this study are as follows: 1. Indigenous people's cognitive development has the highest negative environmental impact, but their attitude towards tourism development tends to support. 2. Indigenous people cognitive of tourism development is a positive impact of economic, environmental and sociocultural and they have a higher support attitude. According to the above results, this study supports some suggestions on the management of the development of the tribe tourism and the future research direction.

Full Text

Corporate Entrepreneurship and Firm Performance

Nguyen Thi Xuan Trang

This is a review paper to find out the relationship between corporate entrepreneurship and firm performance. It is realized that entrepreneurship orientation with three dimensions including innovation, risk taking and proactiveness affected firm performance positively. This positive connection was confirmed in enterprises with different sizes (small, medium and large) and in various countries such as the United States, Turkey, Indonesia, Malaysia and China. Additionally, the moderating effects of government policy, economic condition and environmental dynamism on the link between corporate entrepreneurship and firm performance were also proved for specific pairs of proxies representing corporate entrepreneurship and firm performance.

This paper calls for more future researches on other aspects of entrepreneurship orientation like autonomy and competitive aggressiveness on firm performance. Furthermore, the moderation of organizational factors on this relationship as the research orientation of Lumpkin and Dess7 should also be noticed in the subsequent researches.

Full Text