Advances In Management

Indexed in SCOPUS, Chemical Abstracts Services, UGC, NAAS and Indian Citation Index etc.

Advances In Management

Vol. 3(2) February 2010

Gender-Related Issues in Public Administration: Mayoral Advisors for Equal Chances

Farkas Ferenc and Mager Orna

The equality of chances is a topic which is underlying an extended research now-a-days and there are a lot of unanswered questions in this field. This concerns problems both of local and trans-regional importance, problems which can be viewed both at national and international level. Therefore, after reviewing literature on women’s chances to participate in the activities of business and other organizations, the paper supports theory through an empirical research which was conducted about the policy of advancing women and integrating them in the power structure and in decision-making in public administration. Research was done in Israel and examined the application of the Local Authorities Law on the Appointment of Mayoral Advisors on the status of Women. The focus is on an examination of the operation and activities of the advisors as agents of change. The results of the research can have implications for other countries dealing with different aspects of gender equality problems.

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General Accountability Standards for Hungarian Civil Society Organizations: Towards Organizational Effectiveness

Molnár Mónika

This paper investigates nonprofit accountability as a major driving force for changing management practices in nonprofit governance worldwide. It examines the terms accountability and effectiveness by how they apply to civil society organizations (CSOs) and discusses their implications. The so-called ‘nonprofit accountability movement’ is a recent phenomenon inside the Hungarian nonprofit world, even though there are various factors challenging the transparency, legitimacy and answerability of the sector’s organizations. Therefore it is argued in the paper that Hungarian CSOs need to become more transparent and accountable to their stakeholders in order to increase public trust. An integrated framework of accountability with international implications is proposed to be applied by CSOs to ensure the highest standards of accountability.

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The Potential of Face Book in Creating Commercial Value for Service Companies

Oren Gil-Or

This paper is describing an ongoing research that intends to analyze the best routes that companies should take in order to get into consumers’ conversations within Facebook (and the other social networks) in a way that will benefit both sides. Encouraging and influencing this electronic World of Mouth can generate substantial commercial value. The commonly-used “push” approaches that are currently used by most of the vendors in the online social networks are creating negative responses and this research is looking for the expeditors that will make the social networkers willing to participate in a commercial electronic Word of Mouth. This research is focused around service companies, since eWOM is much more critical for these companies. From initial results of the research, a “hate and use” phenomenon seems to exist among the Facebook users with regards to usage and information sharing within the social network.

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The need for a comprehensive fund raising approach

Kuti Éva

This paper addresses a question of nonprofit management which is especially important under the conditions of the global economic crisis. When the financial stability of voluntary organizations is endangered, it becomes crucial how successful their fund raising efforts are. The aim of the paper is to provide nonprofit managers with research information that can help them to meet this fund raising challenge. The paper first gives an analysis of the results of sample surveys of corporate and individual donations, statistical surveys of nonprofit organizations, and interviews with donors and nonprofit managers. It explores the fund raising implications of the research information and summarizes the lessons to be learnt by nonprofit managers. Finally it concludes with some recommendations concerning the development of a more comprehensive fund raising approach. The paper proves that numerous nonprofit organizations have a rather monolithic income structure despite the fact that many of their donors may be in a position to support them in several forms. Either individual or corporate donations constitute the basis of financing, the donors’ preferences, values, attitudes and emotions prove to be rather similar. If nonprofit organizations attached more importance to the connections between the different kinds of donations, they could probably develop much more efficient fund raising strategies. Although the empirical basis of the analysis presented in the paper is limited to Hungary, the results and their fund raising implications are likely to be also relevant in other countries.

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Public Value and ROI in the Government Sector

Al-Raisi Ahmad N. and Al-Khouri Ali M.

Assessing the returns of public sector investments in Information Technology (IT) has been the subject of a round of debates between practitioners and the academic researchers. The range and complexity of government Information Technology (IT) investments and broad community of benefit owners make assessing investment returns a daunting prospect. This paper provides a short review of existing literature on Public Return on Investment (ROI) and the general approaches to measurement of such returns. It also presents some examples of successful Public ROI programs and practices in the United Arab Emirates.

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Model of a strategic analysis of manufacturing: application of general planning and analysis process methodology

Borut Rusjan

There is a real need for improved management processes to develop manufacturing strategies. The paper studies analysis as a part of the strategic planning process. In order to guarantee effective decision-making, the role of the analysis in the process of planning has to be understood. This phase of the planning process is not getting enough attention from practitioners. This results in decision-making for which quick jumping to solution-seeking is characteristic without appropriate determination of problems before hand. The purpose is to discuss the phases of strategic analysis of manufacturing which is the basis of manufacturing strategy formulation. The aim is to develop a model of process of analysis which will provide managers with a practical approach to improve their operations. Development of a model has to be based on the conceptual frameworks for strategic planning of manufacturing developed in the past theoretical work. Based on the differentiation between two levels of strategic decision-making, the role of strategic analysis in the process of strategic planning at business and functional levels is identified. By taking into account relations between strategic planning processes at both levels and relations between strategic analyses at both levels, we define the purpose and objective of strategic manufacturing planning and consequently the purpose and objective of strategic analysis of manufacturing. .

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RFID – The Best Technology in Supply Chain Management

Kamaladevi B.

During the last decade, most organizations have implemented enterprise-wide applications and integration platforms. These implementations have delivered benefits in terms of data synchronization and information flows within the organization and with trading partners providing valuable inputs for planning and optimization of schedules and reporting. However, automated data capture and tracking in real-time has been a major bottleneck, affecting the ability of organizations to optimize their investments in supply chain solutions. Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Technology is emerging as a technology that could provide the answer to these problems. Using tags, readers and radio waves to communicate between the two, RFID combined with the EPC (Electronic Product Code) would be able to address these pain points and deliver a whole range of benefits across various verticals like manufacturing, distribution, retail, logistics and security. The potential benefits arise from increase in supply chain visibility, increase in efficiencies and decrease in costs due to better data synchronization, increase in responsiveness to changes due to real time information visibility and a number of additional industry / vertical specific benefits. RFID promises to have a major impact on supply chains allowing trading partners to collaborate more effectively and achieve new levels of efficiency and responsiveness.

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Recruitment and Selection Practices in SMEs: Empirical Evidence from a Developing Country Perspective

Ongori Henry* and Temtime Z.

This paper purports to investigate the recruitment and selection practices of SMEs and suggests appropriate strategies on how to improve human resource management practices to enhance organisational performance. Recruitment and selection practices are the key factors to the entry point of human resources to any organisation which also tends determine the success and sustainability of SMEs. These practices are said to encourage innovation, survival and growth of SME if taken serious by owner/ managers. Many studies which have been conducted on recruitment and selection practices by SMEs have only concentrated on large and multinational firms on the west and little has been done on recruitment and selection of SMEs in developing economies and yet SME tend to contribute a lot in employment creation and economic growth. This research therefore tries to develop unique recruitment and selection practices which are applicable to the needs of SMEs in developing countries. The random samplings of eighty managers/owners of SMEs were selected for the study, in which data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics. The paper contributes to the body of knowledge especially in provoking a debate amongst managers/owners to come up with appropriate strategies to encourage SMEs to develop formal ways of recruitment and selection practices in organisations. The finding from the study shows that most SMEs tends to practice both informal and formal approach in hiring their employees. The limitation of the study is that the sample size selected was not large enough to generalise the results.

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‘The Art of Decision Making’ in Institutions of Higher Education A Case Study: Notre Dame University and The Lebanese American University

Hasham Elham S.

Perceiving the accuracy of connection among problems, the essential prerequisites, the importance of the surrounding environment, experience and communication, will lead to the most effective and efficient decisions for a particular situation. Decisions range from the simplest issues to the most critical…’the human being.’ Educational leaders mold the minds of the future. In addition, they are confronted with delicate circumstances that, if taken haphazardly, may affect careers. An educational environment houses such a variety of personalities that calls for extreme caution. Moreover, the problem must be sensed and solutions sought, evaluated, accepted or rejected for authorization and implementation. In brief, the process should involve both thought and action that should culminate in a prize choice. Decision making is the heart of executive activity. It is a skill that will either make or break a manager. The objective of the survey was to identify those variables that are significant to the decision makers in institutions of higher education in Lebanon.

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