Advances In Management

Indexed in SCOPUS, Chemical Abstracts Services, UGC, NAAS and Indian Citation Index etc.

Advances In Management

Vol. 3(6) June 2010

Transformational Leadership and TQM Implementation

Correia Rui, Mainardes Emerson and Lourenço Luis

Several studies have identified leadership as a promoter of total quality management (TQM). In addition, empirical studies have shown significant positive relationship between transformational leadership and working efficiency. Researchers also defend that it is top management duty to lead the movement for quality. In this sense, leaders are expected to define organizational strategy and mission, values and principles that will inspire TQM oriented management practices. This conceptual work explores the relationship between transformational leadership and total TQM – defined by the dimensions of innovation, creativity, trust and teamwork – presenting initial propositions that can guide future research in this area of knowledge.

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Cooperation between Knowledge Intensive Business Services and Universities: A Conceptual Model Proposal

Fernandes Cristina

Knowledge is now perceived as the basic core of firms, is becoming more a role in the recognition and capitalization of entrepreneurial opportunities. The growing number of researches on the importance of regional entrepreneurship, as well as the characteristics of location, show that the basis for creation of new firms is the knowledge thus giving emphasis spillovers of knowledge coming from universities and other institutions. Thus, the knowledge generated arises from the collaboration between companies and public research institutions. Entrepreneurial activity tend to be even better in the sense that investments in new knowledge are relatively high, while businesses, particularly new ones, use the true source of knowledge (universities and R&D institutes). Here we specifically address the KIBS (Knowledge Intensive Business Services and Universities), to the extent that they are creators, users and transmitters of intensive knowledge. This shows the importance of the study of cooperation between universities and firms, especially KIBS.

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Role of Micro Finance on Women Empowerment through Self Help Groups in Tamilnadu

Vetrivel S.C. and Chandrakumaramangalam S.


Under the trickle down theory in the planning process it was expected that women will equally benefit along with men. This has been belied by actual development. The ninth plan document recognizes that in spite of development measures and constitutional legal guarantees- women have lagged behind in almost all sectors. In India, the emergence of liberalization and globalization in early 1990’s aggravated the problem of women workers in unorganized sectors from bad to worse as most of the women who were engaged in various self employment activities have lost their livelihood. Despite in tremendous contribution of women to the agriculture sector, their work is considered just an extension of household domain and remains non-monetized. Microfinance is emerging as a powerful instrument for poverty alleviation in the new economy. In India, Microfinance scene is dominated by Self Help Group (SHGs)-Bank Linkage Programme as a cost effective mechanism for providing financial services to the “Unreached Poor” which has been successful not only in meeting financial needs of the rural poor women but also in strengthening collective self help capacities of the poor leading to their empowerment. Rapid progress in SHG formation has now turned into an empowerment movement among women across the country. Economic empowerment results in women’s ability to influence or make decision, increased self confidence, better status and role in household etc. Micro finance is necessary to overcome exploitation, create confidence for economic self reliance of the rural poor, particularly among rural women who are mostly invisible in the social structure.

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Role of Disclosure in Corporate Governance

Vyas Vijay H. and Solanki Ashvinkumar H.

Preserving investor confidence in the integrity of our securities markets and the accuracy of financial information is an enormously important goal. The mutual fund industry endorsed the Sarbanes-Oxley Act because of the pressing need to bolster the independence of the accounting standard-setting process, strengthen the oversight of public auditing and increase the authority and resources of the Securities and Exchange Commission. This paper examines the effects of disclosure and other corporate governance mechanisms on the cost of equity capital in Asia's emerging markets with newly released surveys from Credit Lyonnais Securities Asia (CLSA).

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Apparel Private Label Brands and Store Patronage

Sasinandini S. and Lysander Manohar Hansa

Apparel sector in particular has a great opportunity with alignment of Indian economy to globalize markets. The foray of private labels in apparel retail is very pronounced making market to have the second highest percentage of organized retail. Apparel retailers have popularized their private labels which have attracted shoppers and thus have increased the loyalty to a store rather than any particular garment brand. Private label brands have become an important contributor to retail differentiation and basis for building store patronage. The decision to patronize a particular store usually starts with a set of characteristics or attributes that consumers consider important. Consumers then use these attributes to make decisions regarding what store or stores can cater to their particular needs. Past retail and marketing studies have identified several consumer-oriented store attributes such as price, quality, variety, discounts and store reputation but the relation with store patronage and loyalty and store image has not been studied. This paper tries to focus on how private label brands are inducing store patronage among the customers

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Corporate Social Responsibility- An Indian Perspective

Hakhu Rahul

In this paper an attempt has been made to discuss the various issues related to Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in India. In addition, the studies pertaining to the status of CSR in Indian corporate sector have been critically elaborated during pre and post liberalization era. It is also evident that most of the forward looking companies in India have strongly been adopting CSR in their corporate policy to accomplish competitive advantage, profitability and performance in the light of liberalized world. In addition, it provides valuable information to the companies of India and other primary stakeholders about the prospects of development, reputation. In India, the government has been providing due emphasis on the growth of the CSR as a vehicle for transformation of the agrarian economy to the path of industrialization.

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Strategic Alliances in the Internationalization of Family Firms: An Exploratory Study on the Spanish Wine Industry

Guadalupe Fuentes-Lombardo and Rúben Fernández-Ortiz

When examining the different ways in which companies penetrate foreign markets, the decision to use or not to use strategic alliances may be conditioned by the characteristics of the company. In the case of family firms, such alliances offer a series of advantages and disadvantages due to the way in which the two different systems, family and business, overlap and interact. By drawing on the literature about strategic alliances and analysing information obtained in interviews, we propose a number of reasons that prompt family businesses to establish (or not to establish) strategic alliances in their processes of inter-nationalization, as well as the discriminating factors that favour or hinder the selection of such strategies. This study is based on qualitative empirical research in the Spanish wine industry. We also developed a model of antecedents and expected outcomes of these reasons and factors.

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Entrepreneurial Strategies within the Tourism Cluster of Serra da Estrela: Implications for Regional Competitiveness

Estevão Cristina1, Ferreira João2* and Braga Vitor3

Tourism is an economic activity of supreme importance in certain countries (or regions). It can have a decisive role in triggering the economic development of the regions where, in some cases, there are no other sources of development. Tourism can also be used as a strategic tool to take full advantages of the promotion of natural, historical and cultural aspects of depressed regions. Cluster analysis is seen, in general, as an important tool to analyze the regional competitiveness and to explore the tourism potential, in particular. In this sense, this research aims to analyze different strategies that are being taken in a region and to identify the existence (or not) of clusters. An empirical study was developed based on hotels population of the Serra da Estrela Tourism Region (SETR). The results evidenced that hotels units enforce combined strategic typologies and different competitive strategies.

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