Advances In Management

Indexed in SCOPUS, Chemical Abstracts Services, UGC, NAAS and Indian Citation Index etc.

Advances In Management

Vol. 6(1) January 2013

The Indian Government and FDI in Retail Sector in India

Paul Uttam* and Roy Swapan Kumar

The policies of the GOI on privatization, liberalization, trade and investment will undergo some transformation if the newly elected United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government led by the Indian National Congress Party were to implement its policies. The early policies until around 1961 were quite liberal on trade and investment. Subsequently, from 1962 to 1977, the trade and investment policies were mainly driven by the needs of local industry and economy. From 1978, the policies were clearly towards liberalization of the economy, though they were implemented in small steps. The year 1991, however, was a major watershed in the liberalization and privatization process in India. And 2004 saw some slowing down of the liberalization and privatization process in India. In 2011, the government of India offered a policy permitting foreign direct investment (FDI) in retail sector of India. It says this move will boost the economy and create more jobs. There is a section of people excited about this. And there is a section of people going against it. Foreign direct investment in retail sector (single and multi-brand) is a much talked about subject today. To the politicians, economists, business magnets, people engaged in retail sectors and above all the rank and file, it has become a cynosure of discussion.

Full Text

Impact of Fuel Price Control on Finances of Indian Public Sector Oil Companies

Singh Satyendra Kumar

The prices of petroleum products Diesel, PDS Kerosene i.e. Kerosene sold through public distribution system and domestic LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas) in India are currently controlled by the Government of India and consequently, state-owned oil marketing companies (OMCs), viz Indian Oil Corporation Limited, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited and Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited are selling these products at below cost prices. As a result, they suffer revenue losses (under-recoveries) on sale of these products. The under-recoveries are shared by the Government and up-stream public sector oil companies, viz Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited, Oil India Limited and GAIL (India) Limited to the extent and in proportion as determined by the Government from time to time. Any part of under-recoveries that is not shared by the Government or up-stream public sector oil companies is absorbed by the OMCs themselves as losses. As the up-stream public sector oil companies partly share the OMCs’ under-recoveries, their finances are also affected adversely. This paper makes an analysis of the impact of fuel price control on finances of publicly owned down-stream oil companies i.e. OMCs as well as up-stream oil companies.

Full Text

Converting Waste into Energy: A Study on Practices of Solid Waste Management in Selected Cities of India

Loonker Sangeeta1* and Jain Samta

Waste Management, quite specifically solid waste management, is a major concern among all the Asian countries. The new slogan today is: “waste to wealth, refuse to resource and trash to cash.” Our environment is chiefly comprised of soil, air and water. It is a well established fact that the modern industrialization, application of large scale technology in our industrial planning, rapid growth of trade and commerce and the growth popularity of the use and throw products – all these have changed the disposal of waste patterns in the environmental perspective. Biosphere is an important zone for the biological activities and is responsible for ecology and environment. Thus in order to meet the challenges of environmental degradation caused by unplanned and unmanaged activities, we need to look forward for establishing a totally recycling society, actively encouraging the residents, industries and the public sector to cooperate with each other.

Full Text

A Study on Financial Constraints and Challenges in Retailing Trade: A Bird’s Eye View

Srinivasan K.1* and Saravanan S.2

This paper discusses the financial challenges confronted by the retailers in Tamil Nadu. The unorganized retail format has been rapidly replaced by the modern organized retail format. This format has not been only established in metro and urban cities, but semi-urban areas are also decorated by the modern retail business. Though it signifies the development in one hand; another side it severely disturbs the livelihood and survival of unorganized retailers. Though the retailers face many challenges in the wake of modern retailers, financial challenges occupy a prominent place. In this circumstance the paper examines some of the key financial problems encountering by retailers. 300 sample respondents were selected across the Vellore district by stratified simple random sampling method. The study found that low margin of profit, huge investments and lack of financial resources are the significant financial challenges faced by the unorganized retail traders.

Full Text

Impact of Electronic Tax Registers on VAT Compliance: A Study of Private Business Firms in Kenya

Kiprotich Naibei1, Siringi Elijah M.2 and Etienne Musonera3*

The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of use of Electronic Tax Registers (ETRs) on Value Added Tax (VAT) compliance among private business firms in Kisumu city, Kenya. A sample of 233 private firms was selected from a population of 590 private firms using stratified sampling technique. The data were gathered by use of questionnaires and analysed by use of correlation and descriptive statistics. Empirical results reveal that effective and regular use of ETR has a significant impact on the Value Added Tax (VAT) compliance (R=0.622, p<0.05), frequency of inspection of businesses by tax authorities has a slight impact on VAT compliance (R=0.15, p<0.05) while sales had insignificant negative relationship with VAT compliance (R=-0.077, p>0.005). Based on the research findings the study concludes that use of ETR has a significant impact on VAT compliance in Kenya.

Full Text

Price Behaviour of Shares using Technical Analysis

Khadke Leena N.* and Sarode Anil P.

Technical Analysis is a study of the stock market relating to factors affecting the supply and demand of stocks. It helps in understanding the intrinsic value of shares and knowing whether the shares are undervalued or overvalued. The stock market indicators would help the investor to identify major market turning points. This is a significant technical analysis of selected companies which helps to understand the price behaviour of the shares, the signals given by them and the major turning points of the market price. Any investor must certainly consider technical analysis as a tool whether to buy the stock at a particular point of time though it is fundamentally strong. It is the most useful and consistent approach to trading in the markets. It is the art and science of putting stock information on a chart in the form of various kinds of bars and detecting different patterns indicators tosses the market direction. While a lot of people know at least a little about technical analysis, very few really know how to use it. The main function of technical analysis is to show the current demand-supply position of the market, or the particular stock, define risk and reward of each particular trade. This paper describes about the use of technical analysis for investors while buying and selling decisions with the technical analysis done for the stocks of few selected Indian Automobile companies. This study focuses on the technical analysis on selected stocks of automobile sector and interprets on whether to buy or sell them by using techniques. This would help investors to identify the current trend and risks involved with the scrip on par with market. For the purpose of analysis, Relative Strength Index and Simple Moving average are used for the analysis to know if the stock is technically strong or not.

Full Text

A Conceptual Framework for Demographic Diversity and Performance

Park Michael Hyung-Jin* and Overby John D.

Much research on the effects of diversity in group composition on group performance has been conducted. We review the previous research, find the enablers to make diverse group effective and propose a conceptual framework that explicates how groups can maximize the benefits of diversity and minimize the costs and finally improve the performance in demographically diverse settings. Our conceptual framework suggests that (1) flow of diverse knowledge is positively related to performance, (2) demographic diversity is not necessarily positively related to the flow of diverse knowledge, (3) stock of diverse knowledge is positively related to the flow of diverse knowledge when behavioral integration is high and (4) demographic diversity is positively related to behavioral integration, when there is a mechanism to facilitate behavioral integration.

Full Text

Hotel Employee Attitude and the Quality Service: An Impact Framework with Empirical Investigation

Khanna Suvidha

In an increasing competitive market, the issue of quality has gained great significance for all tourism businesses. In fact service quality has been increasingly identified as a key factor in differentiating service products and building a competitive advantage in tourism. The process by which customers evaluate a purchase, thereby determining satisfaction and likelihood of repurchase, is important to all marketers but especially to services marketers because, unlike their manufacturing counterparts, they have fewer objective measures of quality by which to judge their production. The issue of measuring service quality has received increasing attention in recent years in the tourism and recreation literature. Indeed, research has identified a generally positive relationship between an organization’s product or service quality, its return on investment and its market share. This service being intangible in nature, delivering superior service quality is a pre-requisite for its success and survival in today’s competitive world.

Full Text

The Influence of Marketing on Consumer Attitude Functions for Kitchen Appliances with Special Reference to a study at Kochi Metro

Anilkumar N.

This study investigates the relationship between Marketing Mix Strategy and Consumer Attitude function for domestic kitchen appliances. Regression analysis was conducted to test the relationship between the 4P’s and consumer attitude functions. The findings show that only the pricing strategy has a positive impact on consumer attitude function while the promotion strategy has a significant negative impact on consumer attitude function. The product and place strategies do not influence consumer attitude functions. These findings suggest that consumers do not look for product characteristics and store location when buying kitchen appliances products.

Full Text

Tata Group for Retail Store Formats

Bhalerao Dipanjay

Over last 100 years in India TATA group has been leading the business arena in its everlasting thrust on sustainability on business. When talking about its retail ventures we learn the comprehensiveness of the group.

Full Text