Advances In Management

Indexed in SCOPUS, Chemical Abstracts Services, UGC, NAAS and Indian Citation Index etc.

Advances In Management

Vol. 6(3) March 2013

Ascendancy of Organized Retailing in Indian Retail Industry

Lakshmi T.R. Kalai* and Rau S.S.

The modern Indian consumer is seeking more value in terms of improved availability and quality, pleasant shopping environment, financing options, trial rooms for clothing products, return and exchange policies and competitive prices. This has created a rapidly growing opportunity for organized, modern retail formats to emerge in recent years and grow at a fast pace. “The best way to predict the future is to create it”, said Peter Drucker. This paper has tried to establish the truth in this quote by understanding the future of modern India with the creation of organized retailing segment in the country.

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On the Intricacies of Cash Flow Corporate Valuation

Singh J. P.

The current era of “convergence through connectivity” is slowly but certainly acknowledging the contribution of the so-called “intangibles” like brands, copyrights and patents, human and intellectual capital etc. to the bottomlines of companies. As an obvious corollary, issues relating to the valuation of such assets are surfacing with unprecedented regularity. Valuation of such assets posits an intriguing challenge for the accounting fraternity that is entrenched in the traditional ascendancy of “reliability” over “relevance”. “Discounted Cash Flow” is ubiquitous in financial valuation. In fact, this technique constitutes the cornerstone of contemporary valuation theory. The robustness of the model as well as its compatibility with the conventional two dimensional risk-return framework of investment appraisal make it immensely suited to a multitude of asset/liability valuations. Accounting standards across the globe recognize the efficacy of this model and advocate its use, wherever practicable. FAS 141 and 142 of the United States and IAS 39 that relate to the accounting of intangible assets also recommend use of DCF methodology for imputing a value to such assets. FAS 157 read with Concept Paper 7 mandate its use for ascertaining “fair value” of assets in certain cases. It is pertinent to note that the usual option pricing methods (including Black Scholes) also make use of discounted cash flows for calculating instantaneous option premia. However, like all models, DCF is not without its flaws. The model presupposes the existence of several unrealistic and rigid assumptions including, in particular, the existence of an acceptable “measure of risk” which is such that it can be integrated with the “discount” rate.

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Green Marketing Initiatives by Corporate World: A Study

Manappa Omkareshwar

Green marketing examines issues in understanding the relationship between the marketing discipline, the public policy process and the natural environment. Many terms describe this relationship: environmental marketing, ecological marketing, green marketing, sustainable marketing and greener marketing.

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Supply Chain Management Practices on Healthcare Products of HLL Lifecare Ltd., Trivandrum

Rigin E.V.1 and Raja Mohan S.2*

The last decade of the twentieth century was a period of rapid change for organizations, especially in business. That rate of change has not slowed down and is actually increasing in the twenty-first century. The forces of change require organizations to be much more nimble and responsive, that is, organizations need to be transforming themselves to survive in the intensely competitive global environment. Change is inevitable, but growth and improvement are optional.

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The Relation between Diversification Strategy and Organizational Performance: A Research on Companies registered to the Istanbul Stock Exchange Market

İbrahim Anıl, Ihsan Yiğit1 and Cem Canel2*

This study examines the relationship between applications of diversification strategies and organizational performance realized during the recent economic crisis. Diversification strategy and organizational performance relationship seems to differ across the developed and developing countries under stable conditions. Studies on this relationship in developed countries conclude that the relationship between diversification strategies and organizational performance is in the form of an inverted U curve and that the relationship between diversification strategies and organizational performance increases up to the medium value and then shows a decrease in performance. However, there are studies concluding that the indicators of the relationship between diversification strategies and organizational performance in developed countries differ from the indicators in developing countries due to the effects of government and business relations, market, production, labor factors, and political economic variables. This study is based on a total of 318 companies listed in Istanbul Stock Exchange Market whose shares got traded in 2007. The dependent variable of the research is organizational performance and the independent variable is the measure of diversification. Rumelt's classification is utilized as a measure of diversification. Financial values of Return on Asset (ROA) and Return on Sales (ROS) are used as measures of organizational performance. The results of this research show that in Turkey, the relationship between diversification strategies and organizational performance varies.

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Forensic Examination Cognizance: An Empirical Study

Shinde Jaysinha S.1*, Shinde Udaysinha S.2 and Wacker Raymond3

This paper reports on the bleak awareness of forensic examination in accounting students. A list of accounting frauds in the past 11 years is developed after a thorough review of the academic accounting literature and the popular press. This list of accounting frauds is whittled down based on the “visibility and importance” of these frauds based on the input of an expert panel and other quantitative criteria. A questionnaire is then developed to measure the awareness of accounting fraud among students who had taken undergraduate accounting courses at a mid-western university. The psychometric properties of this questionnaire are thoroughly tested. This paper uses factor analysis, reliability testing and scree plots to develop and validate the Awareness of Accounting Fraud Scale (AAFS). The results of this survey point to a dim picture in terms of “realworld” fraud knowledge of accounting students and have grave implications for accounting pedagogy.

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An Investigation of the Determinants of Turnover Intention among Truck Drivers in the USA

Al Arkoubi K.1*, Bishop J. W.2 and Scott D.3

Drivers’ turnover remains a major challenge in the trucking industry in the US. It is harshly affecting companies’ performance and the American economy. This situation is worsened by the continuous shortage in the drivers’ market and the lack of effective coping strategies. While academic research in this area is beginning, consulting firms seem to be the most engaged in exploring this issue. Our study explores some determinants of turnover intention. It proposes a model hypothesizing the existence of relationships between fairness and recognition and job satisfaction. The latter along with commitment are perceived in this model as negatively related to the intent to quit.

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Assessing the impact of Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozagar Yojana in Khurdha District of Odisha

Behera P.K.

The paper is based on an empirical study that sought to assess the impact of SGSY as a poverty alleviation strategy and examined both the programmatic and processual aspects of implementation. The study collected and analyzed data/information canvassing household schedule among Swarozgaris of Banpur, Tangi and Jatani blocks of Khurda district in Orissa, analyzed secondary information and consulted responsibility holders of the facilitating agencies to arrive at the conclusion and put forth suitable recommendations. This paper highlights some of the findings of the study such as; reaching out of the scheme to the landless and land poor households, low average per family investment, weak institutional structures and inappropriateness of the processes leading to failure of the scheme in accomplishing its desired objectives.

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